The Omo-Turkana region is one of the world's largest drylands. Drylands are under extreme pressure due to a combination of factors that are disrupting life expectancy, intensifying conflicts, and decreasing resilience. The Omo-Turkana Basin region consists of Kenya's Turkana county, adjoining areas along Lake Turkana's shores and bordering areas of Ethiopia, including South Omo and Bench-Maji.

This region is recognized as a hotspot of climate and development-induced crises. Development actors have thus invested billions of dollars into low carbon resilience projects. These include mega projects like the Lake Turkana Wind Farm, two small scale hydropower, solar and biogas projects. For instance, the World Bank has invested in 1.1 billion dollars into renewable energy development in northern Kenya. On both sides of the border, water, and understanding of life, uncertainty is intensifying, raising grievances against the state, famine and municipal conflicts. There are more and more reports of conflict and violence along the borders. These conflicts have manifested themselves in gender ways, where women and men have become the main objectives for different forms of violence.